It is clear that the social and cultural environment play an indispensable role in the development of children. Just as children are in need of responsible adults around them, to cover basic needs for growth and guide them in their behavior, the context is also determinant in parameters as important as beliefs or the transmission of values. There is no single successful formula for such transmission. The study “The culture and education of young children. Preparing staff to teach children from many cultural backgrounds”, conducted at the National Black Child Devolopment Institute in Washington, noted that the differences observed between cultures for cultural transmission to children do not mean that there is the right way versus the wrong way.
The term “art” is even more specific than that of “culture”. It refers to the expression of human activity through plastic, linguistic or sound resources, and also plays a fundamental role in the development of the child. It develops creativity in the face of problems and conflicts, helping to think. It invites children to reflect and ask themselves questions to overcome barriers such as prejudices. It helps them to use their senses, to approach different contents in an entertaining way. Improves the perception of what surrounds them. That is why it is so important that they are in contact with art and culture.